Copyright (C) 1989, 1991 Free Software Foundation, Inc. 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license document, but changing it is not allowed.
The licenses for most software are designed
to take away your freedom to share and change it. By contrast, the GNU
General Public License is intended to guarantee your freedom to share
and change free software--to make sure the software is free for all
its users. This General Public License applies to most of the Free Software
Foundation's software and to any other program whose authors commit
to using it. (Some other Free Software Foundation software is covered
by the GNU Library General Public License instead.) You can apply it
to your programs, too.
When we speak of free software, we are referring
to freedom, not price. Our General Public Licenses are designed to make
sure that you have the freedom to distribute copies of free software
(and charge for this service if you wish), that you receive source code
or can get it if you want it, that you can change the software or use
pieces of it in new free programs; and that you know you can do these
To protect your rights, we need to make restrictions
that forbid anyone to deny you these rights or to ask you to surrender
the rights. These restrictions translate to certain responsibilities
for you if you distribute copies of the software, or if you modify it.
For example, if you distribute copies of such
a program, whether gratis or for a fee, you must give the recipients
all the rights that you have. You must make sure that they, too, receive
or can get the source code. And you must show them these terms so they
know their rights.
We protect your rights with two steps: (1)
copyright the software, and (2) offer you this license which gives you
legal permission to copy, distribute and/or modify the software.
Also, for each author's protection and ours,
we want to make certain that everyone understands that there is no warranty
for this free software. If the software is modified by someone else
and passed on, we want its recipients to know that what they have is
not the original, so that any problems introduced by others will not
reflect on the original authors' reputations.
Finally, any free program is threatened constantly
by software patents. We wish to avoid the danger that redistributors
of a free program will individually obtain patent licenses, in effect
making the program proprietary. To prevent this, we have made it clear
that any patent must be licensed for everyone's free use or not licensed
The precise terms and conditions for copying,
distribution and modification follow.
GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE
TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COPYING, DISTRIBUTION AND MODIFICATION
0. This License applies to any program or other
work which contains a notice placed by the copyright holder saying
it may be distributed under the terms of this General Public License.
The "Program", below, refers to any such program or work, and a "work
based on the Program" means either the Program or any derivative work
under copyright law: that is to say, a work containing the Program
or a portion of it, either verbatim or with modifications and/or translated
into another language. (Hereinafter, translation is included without
limitation in the term "modification".) Each licensee is addressed
Activities other than copying, distribution and
modification are not covered by this License; they are outside its
scope. The act of running the Program is not restricted, and the output
from the Program is covered only if its contents constitute a work
based on the Program (independent of having been made by running the
Program). Whether that is true depends on what the Program does.
1. You may copy and distribute verbatim copies
of the Program's source code as you receive it, in any medium, provided
that you conspicuously and appropriately publish on each copy an appropriate
copyright notice and disclaimer of warranty; keep intact all the notices
that refer to this License and to the absence of any warranty; and
give any other recipients of the Program a copy of this License along
with the Program.
You may charge a fee for the physical act of transferring
a copy, and you may at your option offer warranty protection in exchange
for a fee.
2. You may modify your copy or copies of the Program
or any portion of it, thus forming a work based on the Program, and
copy and distribute such modifications or work under the terms of
Section 1 above, provided that you also meet all of these conditions:
a) You must cause the modified files
to carry prominent notices
stating that you changed the files and the date of any
b) You must cause any work that you
distribute or publish, that in
whole or in part contains or is derived from the Program
part thereof, to be licensed as a whole at no charge
to all third
parties under the terms of this License.
c) If the modified program normally
reads commands interactively
when run, you must cause it, when started running for
interactive use in the most ordinary way, to print or
announcement including an appropriate copyright notice
notice that there is no warranty (or else, saying that
a warranty) and that users may redistribute the program
these conditions, and telling the user how to view a
copy of this
License. (Exception: if the Program itself is interactive
does not normally print such an announcement, your work
the Program is not required to print an announcement.)
These requirements apply to the modified work
as a whole. If identifiable sections of that work are not derived
from the Program, and can be reasonably considered independent and
separate works in themselves, then this License, and its terms, do
not apply to those sections when you distribute them as separate works.
But when you distribute the same sections as part of a whole which
is a work based on the Program, the distribution of the whole must
be on the terms of this License, whose permissions for other licensees
extend to the entire whole, and thus to each and every part regardless
of who wrote it.
Thus, it is not the intent of this section to
claim rights or contest your rights to work written entirely by you;
rather, the intent is to exercise the right to control the distribution
of derivative or collective works based on the Program.
In addition, mere aggregation of another work
not based on the Program with the Program (or with a work based on
the Program) on a volume of a storage or distribution medium does
not bring the other work under the scope of this License.
3. You may copy and distribute the Program (or
a work based on it, under Section 2) in object code or executable
form under the terms of Sections 1 and 2 above provided that you also
do one of the following:
a) Accompany it with the complete
source code, which must be distributed under the terms
1 and 2 above on a medium customarily used for software
b) Accompany it with a written offer,
valid for at least three
years, to give any third party, for a charge no more
cost of physically performing source distribution, a
machine-readable copy of the corresponding source code,
distributed under the terms of Sections 1 and 2 above
on a medium
customarily used for software interchange; or,
c) Accompany it with the information
you received as to the offer
to distribute corresponding source code. (This alternative
allowed only for noncommercial distribution and only
received the program in object code or executable form
an offer, in accord with Subsection b above.)
The source code for a work means the preferred
form of the work for making modifications to it. For an executable
work, complete source code means all the source code for all modules
it contains, plus any associated interface definition files, plus
the scripts used to control compilation and installation of the executable.
However, as a special exception, the source code distributed need
not include anything that is normally distributed (in either source
or binary form) with the major components (compiler, kernel, and so
on) of the operating system on which the executable runs, unless that
component itself accompanies the executable.
If distribution of executable or object code is
made by offering access to copy from a designated place, then offering
equivalent access to copy the source code from the same place counts
as distribution of the source code, even though third parties are
not compelled to copy the source along with the object code.
4. You may not copy, modify, sublicense, or distribute
the Program except as expressly provided under this License. Any attempt
otherwise to copy, modify, sublicense or distribute the Program is
void, and will automatically terminate your rights under this License.
However, parties who have received copies, or rights, from you under
this License will not have their licenses terminated so long as such
parties remain in full compliance.
5. You are not required to accept this License,
since you have not signed it. However, nothing else grants you permission
to modify or distribute the Program or its derivative works. These
actions are prohibited by law if you do not accept this License. Therefore,
by modifying or distributing the Program (or any work based on the
Program), you indicate your acceptance of this License to do so, and
all its terms and conditions for copying, distributing or modifying
the Program or works based on it.
6. Each time you redistribute the Program (or
any work based on the Program), the recipient automatically receives
a license from the original licensor to copy, distribute or modify
the Program subject to these terms and conditions. You may not impose
any further restrictions on the recipients' exercise of the rights
granted herein. You are not responsible for enforcing compliance by
third parties to this License.
7. If, as a consequence of a court judgment or
allegation of patent infringement or for any other reason (not limited
to patent issues), conditions are imposed on you (whether by court
order, agreement or otherwise) that contradict the conditions of this
License, they do not excuse you from the conditions of this License.
If you cannot distribute so as to satisfy simultaneously your obligations
under this License and any other pertinent obligations, then as a
consequence you may not distribute the Program at all. For example,
if a patent license would not permit royalty-free redistribution of
the Program by all those who receive copies directly or indirectly
through you, then the only way you could satisfy both it and this
License would be to refrain entirely from distribution of the Program.
If any portion of this section is held invalid
or unenforceable under any particular circumstance, the balance of
the section is intended to apply and the section as a whole is intended
to apply in other circumstances.
It is not the purpose of this section to induce
you to infringe any patents or other property right claims or to contest
validity of any such claims; this section has the sole purpose of
protecting the integrity of the free software distribution system,
which is implemented by public license practices. Many people have
made generous contributions to the wide range of software distributed
through that system in reliance on consistent application of that
system; it is up to the author/donor to decide if he or she is willing
to distribute software through any other system and a licensee cannot
impose that choice.
This section is intended to make thoroughly clear
what is believed to be a consequence of the rest of this License.
8. If the distribution and/or use of the Program
is restricted in certain countries either by patents or by copyrighted
interfaces, the original copyright holder who places the Program under
this License may add an explicit geographical distribution limitation
excluding those countries, so that distribution is permitted only
in or among countries not thus excluded. In such case, this License
incorporates the limitation as if written in the body of this License.
9. The Free Software Foundation may publish revised
and/or new versions of the General Public License from time to time.
Such new versions will be similar in spirit to the present version,
but may differ in detail to address new problems or concerns.
Each version is given a distinguishing version
number. If the Program specifies a version number of this License
which applies to it and "any later version", you have the option of
following the terms and conditions either of that version or of any
later version published by the Free Software Foundation. If the Program
does not specify a version number of this License, you may choose
any version ever published by the Free Software Foundation.
10. If you wish to incorporate parts of the Program
into other free programs whose distribution conditions are different,
write to the author to ask for permission. For software which is copyrighted
by the Free Software Foundation, write to the Free Software Foundation;
we sometimes make exceptions for this. Our decision will be guided
by the two goals of preserving the free status of all derivatives
of our free software and of promoting the sharing and reuse of software
11. BECAUSE THE PROGRAM IS LICENSED FREE OF CHARGE,
THERE IS NO WARRANTY FOR THE PROGRAM, TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE
LAW. EXCEPT WHEN OTHERWISE STATED IN WRITING THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS
AND/OR OTHER PARTIES PROVIDE THE PROGRAM "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY
OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED
TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE. THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO THE QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE OF THE
PROGRAM IS WITH YOU. SHOULD THE PROGRAM PROVE DEFECTIVE, YOU ASSUME
THE COST OF ALL NECESSARY SERVICING, REPAIR OR CORRECTION.
12. IN NO EVENT UNLESS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW OR AGREED TO IN
WRITING WILL ANY COPYRIGHT HOLDER, OR ANY OTHER PARTY WHO MAY MODIFY
AND/OR REDISTRIBUTE THE PROGRAM AS PERMITTED ABOVE, BE LIABLE TO YOU
FOR DAMAGES, INCLUDING ANY GENERAL, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL
DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE PROGRAM (INCLUDING
BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS OF DATA OR DATA BEING RENDERED INACCURATE
OR LOSSES SUSTAINED BY YOU OR THIRD PARTIES OR A FAILURE OF THE PROGRAM
TO OPERATE WITH ANY OTHER PROGRAMS), EVEN IF SUCH HOLDER OR OTHER
PARTY HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
Linux ist eine eingtragende Marke von Linus Torvalds
Windows, Windows2000, WindowsNT und Microsoft sind eingetragene Marken
der Microsoft Corp
HP, das HP-Logo, Hewlett Packard und ProCurve sind eingetragene Marken
von Hewlett Packard
KDE ist eine eingetragene Marke des K Desktop Environment e.V.
Cisco und das Cisco-Logo sind eingetragene Marken von Cisco Systems
Weitere verwendete Logos und Markennamen sind eingetragene Warenzeichen
der jeweiligen Firmen.